Drug addiction is a complicated medical illness and typically starts with experimentation of drugs, but over time, the ability to not take drugs is damaged and the pursuit and intake of drugs becomes compulsive. As the brain absorbs drugs over time, brain functioning is altered. Multiple brain processes, which involve reward and motivation, learning and memory, and control over behavior, are all affected by the disease called addiction.
Its characteristics include:
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Drug rehabilitation is treatment for dependency on psychoactive substances. These substances include alcohol, prescription and street drugs. Drug rehab is needed for safe and long-term recovery from illicit substances.
Drug rehab is abstinence-based, meaning no illicit substance use. Monitoring is held to ensure no covert use is continuing. It also provides an immersion in support, care and therapies for people who need help becoming sober. Then, aftercare services help abusers handle the transition into everyday living effectively.
Addictions usually develop over time. It then becomes harder to recognize the problem because of the gradual appearance.
The Stages of Addiction:
There are certain factors determining if someone will become addicted or be able to experiment with substances and not develop an addiction. The more characteristics a person has under each main factor, the more vulnerable the person will be to developing an addiction.
Individuals who do develop an addiction have more risk factors, compared to someone who can experiment and misuse substances and not develop an addiction. Genetics and environment, the first two areas, make up about 50% of the vulnerability factors and the environment accounts for about the other 50%.
Genetics factors include: gender, ethnicity and existing mental disorders.
A person’s environment factors include: family, friends, socioeconomic status, quality of life, peer pressure, physical and sexual abuse, stress and parental influence.
An adolescent brain isn’t fully developed in the areas of making decisions and self-control, so they are significantly vulnerable to risky behaviors, including experimenting with alcohol abuse or abusing prescription drugs. The earlier in life drug use starts, the higher the chances more serious abuse will develop.
Using behavioral treatment to treat abuse has substance abusers attend sessions on a regular basis, either as an individual or in a group setting. Behavioral treatments include:
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